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Literature Reviews in Sociology

Advice from a sociologist and a librarian about how to do a literature review.

Upcoming Workshops

Brandeis Library & Technology Services offers free workshops for members of the Brandeis community. Use the calendar links located below to sign up for our citation support workshops.


As Wendy said, the search strategies are the same at this stage, but hopefully, not quite as time-consuming as earlier stages. You should only need to do a few searches to follow up on on what’s most relevant.

What’s arguably more important at this stage is organizing your personal library and making sure it’s ready for your drafting process.This is why citation management tools like Zotero and EndNote are so important. You don’t want to create all your references at the end. Ideally, you build your library as you go. When you sit down to write, you can quickly and easily access your references to create citations.

Endnote vs. Zotero

There are a variety of citation management tools available that help you collect, manage, and cite your sources. The librarians at Brandeis offer support for EndNote and Zotero. The following chart shows the pros and cons of each tool and includes our contact information if you'd like to schedule an appointment to learn how to use these tools.

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