Skip to Main Content

*Medieval and Renaissance Studies

This guide provides research advice and sources for work in Medieval and Renaissance studies.

Getting Started

What is a citation?

A citation is a reference to the source of specific information. It indicates to the reader where the information came from, and credits the original researcher or author.

Why does citation matter?

Citing your sources helps validate your personal research and argument.

Prevent plagiarism

Plagiarism is when you use someone's work without indicating you've done so. It discredits you as a researcher, scholar, and student.

Types of citation

Citations are found in-text, at the bottom of the page (footnotes), or at the end of the paper (endnotes). Where your citations are found in your paper depend on the citation style specified by your professor or field.

Citing Sources Library Guide

APA, Chicago, and MLA are the primary citation styles used; however, there are many other styles. We cover the "how to" for the primary styles as well as several others.


This guide also covers citation management software that is supported by Brandeis (EndNote & Zotero), and suggests other management tools. You can also sign up for an appointment to learn more about Zotero or EndNote:

Get a Quick Citation

Need to get a quick citation? We recommend Zbib, a website that will generate citations <i>correctly</i> compared to other websites such as noodlebib or easybib. is owned and operated by Zotero, our recommended citation manager. 

What is Zotero?

Zotero Logo.

Zotero is a free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share research. It's available for Mac, Windows, and Linux. With a account, you can access your library from any browser and collaborate with others.

Zotero Set Up Checklist

Before you begin: If you have Microsoft Word or LibreOffice open on your computer, we recommend you quit them before attempting to install Zotero.

1. Download and install Zotero 6.0 for Windows, Mac, or Linux. This installs both the Zotero application and the word processor plugin for Microsoft Word or LibreOffice.

2. Install the Zotero Connector for your web browser (Chrome, Firefox, Safari, or Edge). The plugin for Google Docs is currently built in to the Zotero Connector for Chrome and Firefox.

Zotero Connector installation button on 

Having trouble downloading the connector for Google Chrome when logged in with your Brandeis profile? You may need to turn on additional Google services in your Brandeis account.

3. Register for a accountAfter you register, Zotero will send a confirmation email to the address provided. Open the email and click the link to confirm your registration.

4. In the Zotero app's Preferences Menu, set the Zotero app to sync to your new account

5. Learn more about Word Processor Integrations for Microsoft Word, LibreOffice, and Google Docs to make the most of Zotero's citation functionality.