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Citing Sources

This guide provides an overview of citation management software offered at Brandeis, as well as information on print and online citation guides.

Upcoming Workshops

Brandeis Library offers free workshops for members of the Brandeis community. Use the calendar links located below to sign up for our citation support workshops.

Getting Started

What is a citation?

A citation is a reference to the source of specific information. It indicates to the reader where the information came from, and credits the original researcher or author.

Why does citation matter?

Citing your sources helps validate your personal research and argument.

Prevent plagiarism

Plagiarism is when you use someone's work without indicating you've done so. It discredits you as a researcher, scholar, and student.

Types of citation

Citations are found in-text, at the bottom of the page (footnotes), or at the end of the paper (endnotes). Where your citations are found in your paper depend on the citation style specified by your professor or field.

Citing Sources Library Guide

APA, Chicago, and MLA are the primary citation styles used; however, there are many other styles. We cover the "how to" for the primary styles as well as several others.


This guide also covers citation management software that is supported by Brandeis (EndNote & Zotero), and suggests other management tools. You can also sign up for an appointment to learn more about Zotero or EndNote: