The Chicago Manual of Style provides guidelines for writing and citing across many academic disciplines. Chicago-style citations come in two varieties:
Want a quick overview with examples? Check out the Chicago Manual of Style Quick Guide.
Want to learn more? Sign up for a citation workshop, or request a workshop about Chicago Style.
Chicago citations are split into three categories:
Each of these looks a little bit different! The first two are in-text citations that, in Chicago, are either footnotes or endnotes, depending on your preference.
The first time you cite an item it will have a long citation that almost looks like a bibliography entry! This is because Chicago is built to give the reader of your work the most amount of context possible when they come across a citation. All other times you cite that item you'll use a short citation that still has a fair amount of information.
At the end of your paper you'll have a full citation list, a bibliography!
For example... If you're citing a book, your citations will be formatted like this:
Footnote/Endnote first appearance:
First Last, Title (Publisher Location: Publisher, Year): Page #.
Footnote/Endnote subsequent appearance:
Last, Shortened Title, Page #.
Last, First. Title. Publisher Location: Publisher, Year.